Updates on Efforts to Combat the HIV/AIDS Pandemic

By Elliot Eton

(Eton spent a gap year working with HAI in Boston and Botswana. He’s now a freshman at Harvard. This article originally appeared in the Fall 2015 issue of Harvard Science Review.)

The target is 2030. The Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS) has ambitiously set 2030 as the year by which we should achieve the end of the HIV/AIDS epidemic, which has claimed the lives of 39 million people globally since the first cases were reported in 1981.1 This past year, to help drive united progress and accountability towards the goal, UNAIDS articulated the 90-90-90 targets. If these goals are reached by 2020, UNAIDS predicts, then the AIDS epidemic could come to an end by 2030:

  • Goal 1: “By 2020, 90% of all people living with HIV will know their HIV status.”
  • Goal 2: “By 2020, 90% of all people with diagnosed HIV infection will receive sustained antiretroviral therapy.”
  • Goal 3: “By 2020, 90% of all people receiving antiretroviral therapy will have viral suppression.”2

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Title photo by Dominic Chavez